April 19, 2023

Hel: Goddess of Death and Renewal

In Norse mythology, Hel holds a prominent role as the goddess of the underworld. Born from the union of the trickster god Loki and the giantess Angrboda, she shares her mysterious and fearsome nature with her siblings Fenrir, the giant wolf, and Jormungandr, the mighty serpent. Hel’s unique dual aspect, with one side of her body appearing alive and normal while the other side is decayed and lifeless, offers a fascinating glimpse into the intricate web of life and death.

The Name and Origins of Hel

The name “Hel” is believed to have its roots in the Old Norse word “hel,” meaning “hidden” or “concealed.” This association emphasizes the enigmatic and ominous qualities of the underworld, a realm shrouded in darkness and uncertainty. Hel is responsible for receiving and caring for the souls of the deceased who were not chosen to enter Valhalla or F√≥lkvangr, the afterlife realms governed by the gods Odin and Freya, respectively.

Hel’s Dual Nature and Role in the Afterlife

Contrary to popular belief, Hel’s realm was not necessarily a place of punishment or suffering. Instead, it was often seen as a haven of rest and renewal where the souls of the departed prepared for their eventual rebirth. Despite her association with death and decay, Hel was not considered an evil figure within Norse mythology. Rather, she fulfilled a crucial role in the cycle of life and death as a neutral force.

Hel’s appearance is often described as both awe-inspiring and unsettling. With a face that is half blue-black and half flesh-colored, her eyes are said to resemble glowing embers. However, some accounts also suggest that Hel possessed a compassionate side, showing mercy to those who sincerely sought her help.

The Deeper Meanings Associated with Hel

Hel’s character serves as a powerful reminder of the transience and impermanence of all things, emphasizing the interconnectedness of life and death. As the ruler of the afterlife, she held authority over the souls of the deceased, symbolizing the inevitable end of all living beings. Yet, at the same time, her realm represented the possibility of renewal and rebirth, underscoring the cyclical nature of existence.

Her dual nature serves as a metaphor for the complex and often paradoxical aspects of human life. It highlights the idea that life and death are not opposing forces, but rather two sides of the same coin, essential components of the natural cycle of existence.

Hel’s influence also extends to the theme of personal transformation and growth. The idea of journeying into the depths of the underworld, confronting one’s own mortality, and emerging renewed and transformed resonates deeply with the human experience. Hel’s presence in Norse mythology thus invites introspection and encourages individuals to face their fears and embrace change in order to achieve growth and self-discovery.


Hel’s portrayal in Norse mythology provides a unique perspective on the intricate and often enigmatic relationship between life and death. Through her dual nature and her role as the goddess of the underworld, Hel offers valuable insights into the cyclical nature of existence and the importance of personal transformation. Her presence serves as a reminder that death is an integral part of life, and that embracing change is essential for personal growth and self-discovery.